Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the consequence of parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over a million people die, the majority of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main places that malaria disease is found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You will find four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans they are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time needed for growth and development of the parasite in the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to fight malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to exposure to insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists believe that using the same technology one day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology can be utilized once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.